Types of CBD Products

Broad-Spectrum, Nano Broad-Spectrum, Isolate, Full Spectrum CBD and the Differences

The health benefits of cannabinoids and other plant-based chemicals have been widely documented by researchers. Since the discovery of CBD in 1940, it has been utilized for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anxiolytic, antidepressant, and antimicrobial properties. Unlike THC, its highly psychoactive cousin, CBD, is safe for consumption and does not tamper with brain activities. More CBD based products are hitting the market daily, and this has raised concerns on which is highly effective.
Words like CBD isolate, Broad spectrum, Nano broad Spectrum, and full-spectrum CBD are used by manufacturers to identify the type of CBD used in their products. These terminologies enlighten the users about the concentration and the possible effects of taking a CBD product. Peradventure, you are coming across these terms for the first time, then there is no need to worry as this article was written with you in mind.

What are cannabinoids?

Cannabinoid is a large group of chemicals present in the body (endocannabinoids) and can be extracted from the cannabis plant (phytocannabinoids). The endocannabinoids like anandamide are most important for the regulation of cognitive responses like hunger, pain and appetite control while the plant-based cannabinoids (phytocannabinoids) is made up of about 100 different chemicals with Cannabidiol (CBD), tetrahydrocannabinol (TCH), Cannabigerol (CBG) and cannabinol (CBN) as the most important members. These chemicals can interact with the CB1 and CB2 receptors of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) to control cognitive activities hence the widespread use of CBD.

The use of plant-based cannabinoids like CBD is to complement the activity of the endocannabinoids, thus promoting balance in our body.

What is Cannabinoid Spectrum?
Plants have a long history of serving as medicines to man. Right from time immemorial, humans have used whole-plant extracts like leaves, roots, and barks to treat one disease or the other. These plant parts contain varying degrees and concentration of chemicals which can act with the body cells to produce one therapeutic activity or the other. Chemicals extracted from plants (phytochemicals) can be used singly (in pure form) or in combination with other chemicals to elicit one medicinal property or the other, and this is where the term “spectrum” comes into play. The cannabis plant is, however, not an exception to this rule.

The cannabis plant contains several chemicals, including terpenes, cannabinoids, and essential oils. These chemicals are capable of acting singly or in synergy to produce one or more health benefits in the body. The combination of these chemicals is what determines the spectrum or purity of a CBD product.

Every chemical found in the cannabis plant can serve one purpose or the other. Apart from the highly researched cannabinoids, terpenes have also been discovered to relieve stress, boost the activity of CBD, delay the sign of aging, exhibit modulatory effects of THC, and can promote bone health. The combination of these chemicals with Cannabinoids tends to control their activity and makes sure our body gets the right concentration of these chemicals at the right time.

The cannabinoid spectrum can be described as the range of compounds present in a given CBD product. It is often identified as full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, Nano-spectrum, and CBD isolate, which have been discussed below.

What is Full Spectrum CBD?

This contains cannabinoids, terpenes, and essential oils in varying proportions or concentrations. They are prepared from whole-plant extracts and focus on delivering the maximum benefits of the cannabis plant. To avoid the possibility of making the user high, most full-spectrum CBD products contain no more than 0.3% (the recommended standard).
In most cases, these full-spectrum CBD products are prepared by combining all the naturally occurring chemicals in the cannabis plant to leverage their synergistic activities. The interaction between these compounds can increase the bioavailability of CBD, inhibit the psychoactive properties of THC (depending on its concentration) and boost the activity of CBD while in circulation.

Since full-spectrum CBD may contain traceable amounts of THC and other cannabinoids, which may put you in danger of failing a drug test if the THC concentration is unusually high, it is also important to note that, little amounts of THC in your CBD products can bring a faster relief from pain and aids in promoting sleep.

Pros and Cons of Full Spectrum CBD

• Full-spectrum CBD products have an increased bioavailability thus may produce better effects on the body due to the presence of other chemicals.
• It offers the full therapeutic potentials of the cannabis plant.
• Maximum benefits of the cannabis plant. Using full-spectrum CBD products is equivalent to using the whole plant extract for maximum benefits.
• The presence of THC in full-spectrum CBD may produce a sedative or psychoactive effect.
• You may fail a drug test.
• The use of full-spectrum CBD may be illegal in some parts of the world.

Broad-Spectrum CBD

Since THC is highly psychoactive, its use may be prohibited in several parts of the world hence the need to create a CBD product that offers all the benefits of the cannabis plant without having to deal with the effects of THC. Although THC aids in pain relief, helps to keep you awake, and enhances bone health in combination with CBD, data gathered from research has shown how people respond to THC differently.

Broad-spectrum CBD products are identified by their unique content of little to no THC. It contains all other chemicals found in the cannabis plant except the highly psychoactive THC. These products are most useful when people want to experience the full benefits of the cannabis plant without the fear of failing a drug test or feeling high.

Pros and Cons of Broad-Spectrum CBD

1. It produces little to no adverse effects on the body.
2. It is safe for consumption in most parts of the world.
3. It removes the fear of failing a drug test.
4. The activity of the product may be limited to only CBD and terpenes.
5. The bioavailability of the compound may be highly reduced.

Nano Broad Spectrum CBD

CBD is fat-based, thus exhibiting little solubility in water. This deals a significant blow on its absorption in the body cells. Nano Broad CBD products are produced by passing broad-spectrum CBD over a Nano-emulsified system to reduce its particle size and make it more soluble in water. It shares all the characteristics of broad-spectrum CBD except that it is more soluble and produces more excellent effects with little dosage.

Pros and cons of Nano-Broad Spectrum CBD

1. It is highly soluble in water thus produces more effects
2. It requires little dose for higher activity
3. It has a greater absorption rate, bioavailability, and less reaction time.
4. It may be expensive.

CBD Isolate

Just as the name implies, CBD isolates contain CBD as the only active component. It is the purest form of naturally occurring CBD (usually about 99.9%). It is often referred to as CBD crystals since it is diamond-like or solid. The crystals are ground or crushed into powder for easier consumption.

Pros and cons of CBD Isolates

1. You are guaranteed of 100% CBD effects with no contaminant
2. It is insoluble in water hence should be combined with milk, butter, or any other fat-based drinks.
3. Dose determination may be ineffective since it is insoluble in water.

Which CBD Product is Best for Me?

Choosing the best CBD product for your condition requires a good idea of CBD interaction while in the body. In most cases, it is highly recommended that you try out full-spectrum CBD products since they offer you better activities as long as the THC concentration is within the acceptable range. All CBD products are wonderful and should be purchased based on the recommendations of your physician or CBD experts. You can contact us or check our product information for the one that suits your taste.


At EsoHealth, all our full-spectrum CBD products were prepared under the best laboratory conditions. We take pride in paying special attention to standard operating procedures and rules guiding the use of CBD products. Kindly contact us if you have any questions on the use of our CBD products. We would love to hear from you!

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